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Ticonderoga Fire Department, Its History

Do you remember when the Ticonderoga Fire Department and its associated fire companies combined to make our earlier 4th of Julys?    The fun of attending the street dance on Champlain Avenue, and watching the members of the different departments perform  hose drills as they raced to see who could run out and hook up the hoses and “hit the mark” at the selected target in the most efficient manner and with precision and accuracy.

For many years the 4th of July  parade began around the old Central School, proceeded down Champlain Avenue, up Montcalm Street to Wicker and St. Clair and turned up Third Avenue and finally ended at the Fireman’s Field.  Here the carnival atmosphere abounded and the “look-for” events such as the  musical performances could be watched from the large bleacher stand. Or one could go to the northern side of the field to watch  Norm Nadeau’s horse show  or laugh at all the antics while watching  those  volunteers playing “donkey-ball.”   As today, the fireworks display were always anxiously waited for and they were  the crowning event to end the day’s activities.  It was a  day for the  the fireman to showcase their members, their equipment and have some “fun”  while thanking the community for their support throughout the year..  It was a time  for remembrance, ceremony and celebration.

As we commemorate the Town of Ticonderoga’s  -” Ticonderoga, the First 250 Years, , let us reflect back in time and learn a bit of the early history  of the Ticonderoga Fire Department.   The “Great Fire” of March 31, 1875 that reduced a large portion of the old Lower Village to ashes, ushered in the need for an organized fire service.  Two of the earliest companies formed were the S. W. Clark Hose Company and the H.G. Burleigh Hose Company*.  The Defiance Hose Company was organized on June 25th, 1880, as the two earlier Hose companies disbanded.  The first elected officers of this company  were:  T.A. Riley – Forman; Lyman Malcolm – lst Ass’t Foreman, John McViegh – 2nd Ass’t Foreman.

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*Members of the S.W. Clark Hose Co. :  T. A. Riley, D. J. Gilligan, M. Gilligan, H.D.Spicer, J. M. Riley, G. S. Clark, P. C. Arthur, C. B. Hall, F.E. McCormick, W. H. Lamson, James O’Brien, M. C. Bugbee, John Malaney, J. W. H. Tefft, R. J. Bryan, and W. E. Fleming.  Members of H. G. Burleigh Hose Company: C. E. Bennett, R. McCambridge, Frank Wilcox, Alex H. Weed, John McViegh, C.E. Pond, A. S. Nickerson, L. Malcolm, F. J. Arthur II and John S. Lewis.

In the re-organization of Defiance Hose Co. No 1 on January 1st, 1891, the Preamble to its Constitution and By-Laws, pronounce a “fireman’s creed” of the day, which we believe that still holds true to this day:

“We the members of the Defiance Hose Company No. 1, of Ticonderoga, NY, having united for commendable purpose of assisting others in the protection of their lives and property in the case of accident by fire or other calamity, and bring desirous of  placing ourselves high in the estimation of all citizens, the preservation of good order the defining of duties, and also for the purpose of effecting uniformity in the administration of the duties, privileges and honors of the Company, cheerfully adopt the following constitution and By-Laws hoping and expecting that every person who shall become a member will by a strict regard for the requirements endeavor to maintain a high reputation for promptness and efficiency in duty.”

Other fire companies were organized.  In 1887, with 65 men, the Defiance Hook and Ladder Co. began, with an incorporated date of 1892.   Their original equipment consisted of a hand drawn ladder truck.  Their first motorized vehicle was a 1925 GMC Truck with a chemical tank and ladders.  The 2nd, acquired in 1948, was an American-LaFrance 65 Aerial Ladder with a booster pump that was held only for one year.   In  1950, a GMC Combination Pumper and Ladder truck was acquired.

The Jeffers Hose Company #2 was organized in 1890 and incorporated in 1892.  These three companies continued as separate fire companies until 1990, when they disbanded and a fire district was formed and all became Ticonderoga Fire Company No. 1.

In May of 1961, the Ticonderoga Fire Department Women’s Auxiliary was organized for the purpose of assisting the firemen in their work as fireman and aiding them in social activities.

Newton Brown (1927-2001), a long serving Ticonderoga Volunteer Fireman and its Historian wrote about the fire department’s early history.  We would like to share some of his notes:

“In the early days fire fighting was a dangerous job and a hard one.  Fire alarms were sounded by the cry of “fire” the ringing of the church bells and the ringing of the bell on top of the fire house. These men fought fire with very little personal protective equipment.

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