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Nathaniel Miller, A Revolutionary Soldier

A Revolutionary Soldier Who Settled in Ticonderoga

Nathaniel Miller was born 7 May 1760 at Mt. Washington, Mass., a small township lying in the southwestern part of the state and only a few miles east of the New York State border. He died at Ticonderoga 6 October 1844. On 18 May 1784, he was married at Whitehall, N.Y. to Anna Bartholomew, daughter of Lemuel and Mary (Squire) Bartholomew of Whitehall. Anna was born 16 April 1766 and died at Ticonderoga 20 December 1855. They were the parents of:

Mary, born ~ 1 January 1787 Ana, born ~  7 September 1789 Nathaniel ~  born 3 January 1792 Rachel ~  born 23 September 1794 Elizabeth ~  born 5 January 1797 Phebe ~  born 10 October 1799 Levina ~  born 12 May 1802* Asenath ~  born 5 February 1805 – Died 1819 Samuel ~  born 11 March 1807 – Died 12 October 1808

(As recorded in the Nathaniel Miller Bible as shown in pension application)

Nathaniel and Anna (Bartholomew) Miller removed with their family from Whitehall to that part of Crown Point which is now the northern section of Ticonderoga about 1793. They chose a site on the shore of Lake Champlain about mid-way between the forts at Ticonderoga and Crown Point and at the head of “Miller Marsh.” Nathaniel first built a log cabin for his family, but in time this was replaced by a wood framed house.

With his wife and children Anna Archer, Rachel and Nathaniel Miller and grandsons Miron and Milton Grant, he is buried in the small family cemetery situated on a rise of ground lying south of the homestead and east of the present highway to Crown Point. Visible from the highway, this cemetery was restored by a descendant. It is in charge of the Ticonderoga Historical Society who have had military markers place for both Nathaniel and his son Nathaniel. Jr. who served in the War of 1812.

Anna Miller, b 7 Spet 1789 – d 11 Sept. 1832 ~ married Elias Archer. Buried in family cemetery. Nathaniel Miller, b 2 Jan 1792 – d 3 Sept 1859 ~ married Wealthy Ann —-. Both buried in family cemetery. Rachel Miller, b 23 Sept 1794 – d unmarried 30 Sept 1870 ~ buried in the family cemetery Elizabeth Miller, b Jan 1797 – d Port Henry, NY ~ 5 Aug 1882, married William Treadway b 19 Jan 1795 – d Crown Point 22 Feb 1861 Phebe Miller, b 10 Oct 1799 – d 5 Sept 1881; married George Grant ~ 31 Jan 1794- 27 Aug 1877. Buried Ingalls cemetery (Ticonderoga) Levina Miller, b 12 May 1802 – d 5 Sept 1881; married Hiram Kimpton. Place of burial unknown. Possibly Ingalls cemetery.

THS Collection on display in Front Parlor

Levina Miller Kimpton ~~ THS Collection on display Front Parlor

Nathaniel Miller, Sr. served several tours during the Revolutionary War and since his application for a pension under the Congressional Act of 1832 was so detailed and gave one of the best descriptions of the service provided by the Colonial troops, it is included here. It shows the short terms served and their cause, in some cases the reason for the lack of knowledge of officers and more frequently the lack of named regiments.

Miller Cemetery

North Ticonderoga

Parentheses (have been used when the correct word was in doubt.) ~ Brackets [have been used for words within parentheses in the original document.]

State of New York County of Essex …. On this 27th day of May 1833 personally appeared before me Joseph S Weed one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the county of Essex aforesaid Nathaniel Miller a resident of the Town of Ticonderoga County and State aforesaid aged seventy two years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.

Gen. Johm Burgoyne

That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers & served as herein stated – His officers were Colonel John Williams of Salem, N.Y. & Captain Joseph Ingols. No other officers recollected – they were frequently changing – He entered the service in the fore part of June 1777 & left the said service the fore part of July following – he resided in Granville, Washington County, N. York – an alarm came to that place & he was ordered out & went into the service in (compliance) with those orders. He was in no battle – had a few skirmishes – he marched through the woods from Granville, his place of residence, to Poultney, Vt. thence to Castleton, stayed there some days, keeping guard, being few in number – then went to Hubbardton, Vt. There kept guard some days until Colonel Seth Warner arrived with some militia he had recruited in Vermont. He joined Warner’s troops & marched to Mount Independence opposite Ticonderoga, crossed the bridge over Lake Champlain to Fort Ticonderoga. He was there on Picket guard with about 500 men – (was upon) the night the Americans retreated from Ticonderoga before Burgoyne & who while (lying in waight) on the Lake [Champlain] & on the (turn), on Mount Defiance & on Mount Hope & between those mountains. Afer retreating across the lake to Mt. Independence an officer ordered some of the men to turn back & pull up the bridge & the men obeyed & pulled up a part of it – the Americans continued their retreat toward Hubbardton, Vt. through the woods & arrived there the first day from Ticonderoga –

marched from Hubbardton to Poultney in a body, from thence each went to his several homes & this applicant arrived at his home in Granville – some of those who retreated from Ticonderoga were Continental troops but their companies or regiments are not recollected – he knew Colonel Warner’s regiment & he knew the Colonel & General St. Claire, saw them both at Ticonderoga – This applicant was not in the battle at Hubbardston but was near enough in advance of the battle to hear the guns & the officers went to General St. Claire to prevail on him to turn back to assist in the battle & this applicant saw the officers come back from the general tearing their hair with rage because he refused to grant their request – they however (halted) a short time & then marched on – Colonel Warner’s regiment was mostly cut off – it was said at the time that only 36 were left – those with whom this battle was fought were a part of Burgoyne’s army that followed the Americans from Ticonderoga & they followed on to Castleton – shortly after the party with this applicant retreated from Hubbardton they met a (drove) of cattle followed by some Canadiens & it was said Indians – they took seven Canadiens & drove the cattle back – they had been plundered from the inhabitants in that vicinity as it was said & supposed – & this applicant saw a number of individuals who said that their cattle had been driven away – the above is all the actual service this applicant rendered to his country that season as he was taken sick immediately after his return home & did not recover till Janry following – his sickness was occasioned by fatigue & exposure while out – he however was obliged to keep himself ready at all times to enter the service at a moments warning & he did keep himself so ready but his sickness prevented him returning to the service again that season – he provided himself with arms, ammunition & provisions – in the service – he was in actual service this term not less than one month – he thinks it was more but he cannot state precisely from (age & the correspondent loss) of memory – he was a private

Gen St. Clair

He was out a second term under the following named officers: one Webster of John Williams, was colonel – does not recollect which – Silas Childs was Captain – Ichabod (Parker) he thinks was Lieutenant – He entered the service this term in the Spring of 1778 about the time lake [Champlain] broke up it must have been April – the company to which he belonged was divided into 3 or 4 classes; one of which was to be continually scouting by turns so that if the classes were 3, each class was out a third part of the time – but whenever there was an alarm the whole company turns out & this applicant was out very frequently on alarm, besides his taking his turn scouting – he left this service some time in November – it was when the Lake froze over as that the enemy could not navigate the Lake, he resided when he entered the service this term in the same place he did when he entered the first term – he was in no battles – his duties were scouting & watching the enemy – the scouts to which he was attached lay at Whitehall then Skenesborough, on the mountain & other most advantageous for observing the enemy in their movements – had no marching – it was called scouting – no Continentals with this company – he knew no regular officers nor any others except those in command over him – there were none with him – whenever any scout discovered any of the enemy, intelligence was given forthwith to the main body of men & they would all turn out frequently passed and repassed between Canada & the town Kingsbury a place about 15 miles south of Whitehall where a number of tories resided – no lar